current time and date
currency: Romanian leu (RON)
Official languages
Life expectancy
Literacy rate
National anthem
Internet TLD & calling code:
Coat of arms
Romania profile
controls most easily traversable land route between the Balkans, Moldova, and Ukraine
Romania history
The principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia - for centuries under the suzerainty of the Turkish Ottoman Empire - secured their autonomy in 1856; they were de facto linked in 1859 and formally united in 1862 under the new name of Romania.

The country gained recognition of its independence in 1878.

It joined the Allied Powers in World War I and acquired new territories - most notably Transylvania - following the conflict.

In 1940, Romania allied with the Axis powers and participated in the 1941 German invasion of the USSR.

Three years later, overrun by the Soviets, Romania signed an armistice.

The post-war Soviet occupation led to the formation of a Communist "people's republic" in 1947 and the abdication of the king.

The decades-long rule of dictator Nicolae CEAUSESCU, who took power in 1965, and his Securitate police state became increasingly oppressive and draconian through the 1980s.

CEAUSESCU was overthrown and executed in late 1989.

Former Communists dominated the government until 1996 when they were swept from power.

Romania joined NATO in 2004 and the EU in 2007.
interesting Romania facts
Conventional long form: none

Conventional short form: Romania

Local long form: none

Local short form: Romania
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Romania's capital city is Bucharest
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Romania Constitution:

8 December 1991;

revised 29 October 2003
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Romania population growth rate: -0.26%
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Romania highest point: Moldoveanu 2,544 m
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Romania lowest point: Black Sea 0 m
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About 39% of Romania's land is arable.
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Danube River is the Longest River in Romania
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Romania birth rate is 9 births/1,000 population
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Romania infant mortality rate is 11 deaths/1,000 live births
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Romania fertility rate is 1.31 children born/woman
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Romania climate:


cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow and fog;

sunny summers with frequent showers and thunderstorms
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Top 10 cities of Romania with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Bucharest: 1,677,985
2. Cluj-Napoca: 309,136
3. Timișoara: 303,708
4. Iași: 263,410
5. Constanţa: 254,693
6. Craiova: 243,765
7. Galaţi: 231,204
8. Braşov: 227,961
9. Ploieşti: 197,542
10. Oradea: 183,123
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Romania ethnic groups:

Romanian - 89.5%
Hungarian - 6.6%
Roma - 2.5%
Ukrainian - 0.3%
German - 0.3%
Russian - 0.2%
Turkish - 0.2%
other - 0.4%
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Romania Exports:

machinery and equipment
metals and metal products
textiles and footwear
agricultural products
minerals and fuels
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Romania Imports:

machinery and equipment
fuels and minerals
textile and products
agricultural products
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bicameral Parliament or Parlament consists of the Senate or Senat (176 seats; members elected by popular vote in a mixed electoral system to serve four-year terms) and the Chamber of Deputies or Camera Deputatilor (412 seats; members elected by popular vote in a mixed electoral system to serve four-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
41 counties (judete, singular - judet)
1. Alba
2. Arad
3. Arges
4. Bacau
5. Bihor
6. Bistrita-Nasaud
7. Botosani
8. Braila
9. Brasov
10. Buzau
11. Calarasi
12. Caras-Severin
13. Cluj
14. Constanta
15. Covasna
16. Dimbovita
17. Dolj
18. Galati
19. Gorj
20. Giurgiu
21. Harghita
22. Hunedoara
23. Ialomita
24. Iasi
25. Ilfov
26. Maramures
27. Mehedinti
28. Mures
29. Neamt
30. Olt
31. Prahova
32. Salaj
33. Satu Mare
34. Sibiu
35. Suceava
36. Teleorman
37. Timis
38. Tulcea
39. Vaslui
40. Vilcea
41. Vrancea

and 1 municipality (municipiu): Bucuresti (Bucharest)
Political parties and leaders:
Christian-Democratic National Peasants' Party (PNT-CD) - Aurelian PAVELESCU
Civic Force (FC) - Mihai-Razvan UNGUREANU
Conservative Party (PC) - Daniel CONSTANTIN (formerly Humanist Party (PUR))
Democratic Liberal Party (PDL) - Vasile BLAGA (formerly Democratic Party)
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania (UDMR) - Hunor KELEMEN
National Liberal Party (PNL) - Crin ANTONESCU
National Union for Romania's Progress (UNPR) - Gabriel OPREA
People's Party - Dan Diaconescu (PP-DD) - Dan DIACONESCU
Right Romania Alliance (ARD) - Vasile BLAGA, Mihai-Razvan UNGUREANU, and Aurelian PAVELESCU (a center-right electoral alliance that includes PDL, FC, PNT-CD)
Social Democratic Party (PSD) - Victor PONTA (formerly Party of Social Democracy in Romania or PDSR)
Social Liberal Union (USL) - Victor PONTA and Crin ANTONESCU (an alliance of the PSD, PNL, UNPR, and PC)